According to PMI the PMBoK Guide Sixth edition is published in September 2017 and the PMP Exam changes in 2018.
What are PMI-isms ?
PMI-isms – understand project management from the mind-set of PMI (Project Management Institute).
“PMI-isms” is a term coined by Rita Mulcahy, one of the most prominent author for PMP (Project Management Professional) Exam preparatory materials. She defines an “PMI-ism” as “an item PMI stresses on the exam that most project managers do not know“. PMI tries to integrate these PMI-isms into the PMP examination questions to “weed out those who should not be PMPs”.
What “PMI-isms” essentially means to PMP Certification aspirants is that if you want to pass the PMP exam, do what PMI tells you (even if you did not find these in real world projects).
What exactly are PMI-isms ?
- Organizational Process Assets (OPA), which contains historical information of all projects of your organization and project management policies / templates, are readily available. PMI advocates constant improvement and continuous learning from project to project.
- Enterprise Environment Factors (EEF), which represents all the factors not in the immediate control of the project, is something a Project Manager has to live with.
- Change Requests include Corrective Action, Preventive Action, Rework and changes that would affect the project configurations / baselines / plans.
- Lessons Learned are important outputs.
- Expert Judgment is the single most important tool and technique which refers to knowledge gained through experience and/or studies. If it appears as one of the choices for an PMP question, it is often the correct answer.
The Project Manager
- The Project Manager has the responsibility to ensure the project is completed on time and within budget.
- The Project Manager should collaborate with stakeholders throughout the project lifecycle. Plans should be developed in collaboration with appropriate stakeholders and subject matter experts.
- The Project Manager should be proactive in identifying problems, solving conflicts and looking for changes for the better. Conflicts should be addressed directly.
- The Project Manager needs to tailor the PMBOK Processes to suit the scope and characteristics of individual projects.
- The Project Manager must carry out impact analysis should something unusual happens before asking for changes.
- The Project Manager may take up a stretch assignment but should first let management know that they lack the experience/expertise.
- The Project Manager should consult sponsors/senior management when they have to make decisions that are believed to be out of their assigned authority. However, the Project Manager to exercise his/her authority to manage the project as far as he/she can without escalating the matter to senior management.
- The Project Manager should not accept request to trim down the budget (or time) while the scope and time (or budget) cannot be changed.
- Emphasis is placed on the planning rather than putting out the fire day in day out. Work should begin after the proper planning is finished.
- The Project Management Plan is approved by all designated stakeholders and is believe to be achievable.
- All activities, issues and risks should be assigned to designated project members for handling.
- Competing constraints are time, cost, scope, quality, risk and resources. Change in one constrain will affect at least one other constraints non-linearly, e.g. a reduction in 10% of cost may affect 90% of the quality.
- Risk Management is a almost a must for all projects, project schedule and budget must take risks into consideration.
- Always follow the plan-do-check-act cycle.
- All changes must be handled through the Integrated Change Control Process, proper approvals must be sought and changes documented before work begins (except in the case of implementing workarounds during emergency in which approval may be sought after the change has been carried out).
- Quality is an important consideration which needs constant improvement (through the control quality / process improvement).
- Meetings are used for idea generation, discussion, problem solving or decision making, not status reporting.
- Gold-plating is derogatory to PMI.
- The Project Management Office (PMO) is assumed in most case.
- Work performed by resources (including overtime work) must be compensated. It is NOT recommended to ask resources to work overtime by sacrificing work-life balance.
- The goal of negotiation is to create a win-win result (problem-solving).
- Sunk cost is not to be considered when deciding when to terminate a project.
- Never tolerate sexual discrimination, even if it is customary in other cultures.
Credits : this article was written by Edward Chung
What this means
Recently, a Role Delineation Study (RDS) involving over 1,000 agilists from 60 countries produced an updated description of the agile practitioner. The RDS plays a central role in constructing a valid exam for the PMI-ACP.
A large-scale survey of certified PMI-ACP holders and non-certified agile practitioners validated revisions to domains, tasks, knowledge and skills, as well as tools and techniques.
How the PMI-ACP® is affected
- New domain added to the delineation (Agile Principles and Mindset)
- 62 tasks validated in context of the seven domains of practice
Get Prepared before 15-OCT-2015.
Buy your exam prep materials now !
The PMBOK Guide
The PMBOK® Guide is a publication from the Project Management Institute (PMI), an entity that is globally recognized as governing the project management discipline.
PMI was founded in 1969 in the US and has become one of the principal professional non-profit organizations in the specialism.
The first edition of the guide was published in 1996; the latest English-language PMBOK® Guide – Fifth Edition, was released in January 2013.
In 2012, ISO 21500 Guidance on project management was published.
In the near future ISO standards for portfolio management, programme management and governance of projects, programmes and portfolios will be published.
The next version is to be expected in 2018, when also the PMBOK Guide Sixth Edition will be released.
Comparison of ISO 21500 and PMBOK Guide
Stanisław Gasik, PhD has written a whitepaper that compares ISO 21500 with the PMBOK Guide.
The whitepaper was originally published in 2013 and later updated after comments of Jesus Guardiola and Francesca Montanari.
Keep in mind three important things about the PMP exam:
- First, this is not a test of the information in the PMBOK® Guide!
- Second, you cannot rely on only real-world experience.
- Third, training in professional project management based on the PMBOK® Guide is critical!
This does not mean you need weeks of training or a master’s certificate in project management to take the exam, however.